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    Armstrong State University
   
 
  Jan 18, 2018
 
 
    
2017-2018 Undergraduate Catalog

Department of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Sciences


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Faculty

Douglas Masini, Department Head and Program Coordinator, Respiratory Therapy

Laurie Adams, Clinical Coordinator, Radiation Therapy Track

Charlotte Bates, Faculty, Medical Laboratory Science

Jennifer Beirdneau, Faculty, Radiography Track

Keith Belcher, Program Director, Medical Laboratory Sciences

Rhonda Bevis, Faculty, Respiratory Therapy

Myka Bussey-Campbell, Program Coordinator, Sonography Track

Esma Campbell, Program Coordinator, Cardiovascular Interventional Track

Pamela Cartright, Program Coordinator, Radiation Therapy Track

Amy Chall, Faculty, Medical Laboratory Sciences

Sharon Gilliard-Smith, Program Director, Radiography

Carol Jordan, Faculty, Medical Laboratory Science

Rochelle Lee, Program Coordinator, Nuclear Medicine Track

Shaunell McGee , Program Coordinator, Radiologic Sciences Bridge

Christine Moore, Director of Clinical Education, Respiratory Therapy

Yvonne Zakrzewski, Clinical Coordinator, Sonography Program

Stephen Morris, MD, FCCP, Medical Director, Respiratory Therapy

Accreditation Statement

The programs of Medical Laboratory Science, Radiologic Sciences and Respiratory Therapy all hold specialized accreditation. The degree program in Medical Laboratory Science is accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS) 5600 N. River Rd. Suite 720, Rosemont, IL 60018-5119, 847.939.3597, 773.714.8880, Fax 773.714.8886, info@naacls.org, http://www.naacls.org for the period 2011-2018. The Radiologic Sciences tracks in Radiography and Radiation Therapy are accredited by the Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology, 20 North Wacker Drive, Suite 2850 Chicago, IL 60606-3182 mail@jrcert.org Tel: (312) 704-5300 www.jrcert.org for the period 2009-2017. The Nuclear Medicine track is accredited by the Joint Review Committee on Educational Programs in Nuclear Medicine Technology 2000 W. Danforth Rd. STE 130, #203, Edmond, OK 73003 (405) 285-0546 jrcnmt@coxinet.net for the period 2011-2016. The Diagnostic Medical Sonography track is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP) 1361 Park Street, Clearwater, FL 33756, 727.210.2350, Fax 727.210.2354, www.caahep.org for the period 2015–2020. The department is currently seeking accreditation Cardiovascular/Interventional Sciences. The program in Respiratory Therapy is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC) 1248 Harwood Road, Bedford, TX 76021 (817) 283-2835 (817) 354-8519 www.coarc.com for the period 2008-2018.

General Information

The Department of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Sciences offers the Bachelor of Science degree in Medical Laboratory Science, the Bachelor of Science in Radiologic Sciences, and the Bachelor of Science in Respiratory Therapy.

The Medical Laboratory Science program offers a Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Science. Medical laboratory scientists (also known as medical technologists) perform and/or supervise the testing of blood, urine, spinal fluid, and other body specimens. Applying knowledge of chemistry, mathematics, and biology, the medical laboratory scientist uses both manual and automated techniques to provide diagnostic data to physicians.

The Radiologic Sciences Program offers a Bachelor of Science degree in Radiologic Sciences, with entry-level tracks in Radiation Therapy, Radiography, Diagnostic Medical Sonography, Nuclear Medicine and Cardiovascular/Interventional Sciences. All are highly technological health care professions with significant patient contact and are most often performed in a healthcare setting. Radiographers use radiation, magnetism, and sophisticated computer systems in the production of diagnostic medical images. Specialty practitioners perform in areas such as mammography, MRI, CT, education, quality management, and with additional education, as Radiologist Assistants.

Radiation Therapists work with physicians to plan and deliver radiation therapy treatments, with a primary responsibility for accurate delivery and evaluation of treatments and effective communication with cancer patients. Nuclear Medicine Technology is a modality of diagnostic imaging that uses radioactive materials for both diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.

Nuclear Medicine Technologists administer these radioactive materials to patients and monitor the characteristics and functions of tissues or organs in which they localize. Nuclear Medicine Technologists operate gamma scintillation cameras that detect the radioactive material in the patient’s body to create an image.

Diagnostic Medical Sonography uses high frequency sound waves to produce medical images of internal human anatomy and superficial structures in cross section. Ultrasound specialties include abdominal, obstetrics and gynecology, breast, musculoskeletal, pediatric, vascular, and echocardiography. The Diagnostic Medical Sonographer uses ultrasound imaging equipment to gather pertinent information from images that are necessary to assist the supervising physician in making a diagnosis, and must be able to work independently and with other health care professionals.

Cardiovascular Interventional Specialists work closely with physicians in complex procedures to diagnose and treat cardiac and vascular disease. Advancement of technology has moved to a new level in that many re-vascularization procedures that once required surgical intervention are now performed percutaneously in invasive cardiology laboratories and radiology interventional suites.

The department provides comprehensive education to ensure that students enter their major field as highly competent, caring practitioners, who are dedicated to teamwork, research, community service, professionalism, and life-long learning.

The Respiratory Therapy Program offers a Bachelor of Science degree in Respiratory Therapy. A bachelor’s degree from an accredited respiratory therapy program qualifies graduates for entry into the advanced practitioner credentialing system, leading to the highest professional credential available in the field of respiratory therapy. The credentialing process is a two-part, nationally administered examination. Part one, a comprehensive written exam, is taken prior to graduation. Graduates who pass this exam will earn the entry level credential “Certified Respiratory Therapist” (CRT) from the National Board for Respiratory Care (NBRC), and will be eligible to enter the registry credentialing system. Candidates who pass both registry exams will earn the credential “Registered Respiratory Therapist” (RRT). The CRT credential is required for licensure by the Composite State Board of Medical Examiners of Georgia.

Medical Laboratory Science Policies and Procedures

Admissions

Medical Laboratory Science Program Traditional Track

The Traditional Track is for entering freshmen and transfer students, and students with a bachelor’s degree in biology, chemistry, or related science fields. During the first two or three years of the four-year program, students complete core curriculum courses in chemistry, biology, mathematics, humanities, and social sciences. The four-semester professional phase starts every fall semester. Courses cover the major laboratory areas (urinalysis, hematology, clinical chemistry, blood banking, microbiology, and serology) and are offered on campus and online. Clinical practicums are provided.

An online fast track option is available for students who have completed a bachelor’s degree in biology, chemistry, or a related science field. This program consists of an online didactic component and a training experience in a clinical laboratory. It provides students with a high-quality academic and professional environment.

The program graduate will be able to satisfy eligibility requirements for a professional certification exam at the MLS level. Graduates of the Medical Laboratory Science program will qualify for employment in a variety of settings and can progress within the clinical laboratory science field to education, supervision, or management positions. Students in this track must maintain training support at an approved clinical facility while enrolled in the program.

Special Programs

Medical Laboratory Science Online Career Ladder Program

An online Career-Ladder Track is offered to enable certified medical laboratory technicians (MLT) to advance their education. The online track is limited to those with MLT credentials with a current working experience in an approved clinical site. It provides students with a high quality academic and professional environment allowing for the development of their intellectual and manipulative competencies and attainment of professional values and characteristics. The program graduate will be able to satisfy eligibility requirements for a professional certification examination at the “scientist” level, to qualify for employment in a variety of settings, and to progress within clinical laboratory science to education, supervision, or management positions. Students in this track must maintain employment at an approved clinical facility while enrolled in the program.

Special Requirements

Criminal Background Checks. Clinical agencies utilized by the Medical Laboratory Science program may require criminal background checks and/or drug testing prior to acceptance of the student into clinical facilities. Students who do not pass the criminal background check and/or drug test may be unable to attend clinical courses and therefore may be unable to complete their program of study. Any fees or cost associated with background checks and/or drug testing are the responsibility of the student.

The professional phase of the medical laboratory science curriculum begins in the fall semester every year. Students desiring acceptance to the program should submit an application to the Medical Laboratory Science program before March 1 for the August class.

Currently enrolled Armstrong State University students must also meet the requirements for admission to the program and apply separately to the program. Transfer students must be accepted to the university with regular admission status. Certified associate degree medical laboratory technicians may receive transfer credit for junior level medical laboratory science courses upon presentation of acceptable certification scores and/or transfer credit, and satisfactory completion of written and/or practical examinations in the professional content areas.

If not currently enrolled at Armstrong, students must be accepted into the university with regular admission status. In addition, students should complete an application to the Medical Laboratory Science program, and have official transcripts, any certification scores, and two letters of reference sent to the department. Reference forms are available from the program website. All applicants will be notified by letter of their application status.

Minimum admission requirements are as follows:

  • Cumulative grade point average of 2.4 or more
  • Completion of required chemistry and biology courses
  • Average of 2.5 or better in science courses (biology and chemistry), and no more than one such course with a grade of D or lower

Progression Requirements

Students must earn a C or better in each Medical Laboratory Science course. A student may repeat a single medical laboratory science course only one time (at the next offering, provided space is available). Students who fail to earn a C or better in a repeated medical laboratory science course, or who fail to earn a C in a subsequent medical laboratory science course, will be dismissed from the program with no possibility of readmission.

Students must maintain an overall adjusted grade point average of 2.0 or higher. A student who falls below this will be placed on suspension from the program for one semester. If the student’s grade point average is not raised by the end of the next semester, the student will be dismissed from the program.

Students must complete the professional course work within three consecutive years from the date of initial admission to the Medical Laboratory Science program.

Radiologic Sciences Policies and Procedures

Admissions

Radiologic Sciences Program Traditional Track

Admission to all programs in Radiologic Sciences is on a space-available basis, and meeting requirements does not guarantee admission. The department has a separate formal admissions process in addition to the admission process for the university. Applicants are required to submit a formal application to the department, transcripts of all college and technical school course work, and participate in an interview (if needed). Applicants must also take the TEAS-AH test and submit scores to the department as part of the application process.

The deadline for submission of all application items is February 15. (Please note this due date does not apply to the Bridge Program. One may apply to the Bridge Program at any time.) Baccalaureate degree programs begin in the fall semester of each year; however, registered practitioners entering the Bridge Program are not always tied to the fall start date. Department faculty will advise anyone interested in majoring in Radiologic Sciences. Admission to the professional component of the baccalaureate degree program is competitive. The amount of completed course work towards the degree, the number of required science courses completed, TEAS-AH scores, the interview (if needed), and GPA components determine competitiveness. Additional points may be awarded for completed, select course work in the major; applicants should see their advisor in regard to this matter. Detailed procedures and guidelines for program admission should be obtained from www.armstrong.edu/rad. The following guidelines are provided for general information only.

Radiologic Sciences Entry Level and Special Option (Second Primary Certification) Applicants. Must have regular admission to Armstrong and a grade point average of 2.5 or higher for all college work. Applicants with less than a 2.5 GPA can apply and may be considered under special circumstances.

Prior to the beginning of the program the following must be successfully completed:

  • Fifty semester hours of core degree requirements that include two college English Composition courses and College Algebra or higher.

Required Lab Sciences (Significant preference for admission will be given to those applicants that have completed all of the five required sciences):

  • Cardiovascular Interventional Sciences: Must include Human Anatomy and Physiology I with lab and three additional lab sciences in the program of study.
  • Nuclear Medicine: Must include Human Anatomy and Physiology I with lab, Survey of Chemistry with lab or Introduction to Chemistry with lab, Physics with lab or Physical Environment with lab and one additional lab science in the program of study,.
  • Radiography: Must include Human Anatomy and Physiology I with lab and three additional lab sciences in the program of study.
  • Radiation Therapy: Must include Human Anatomy and Physiology I AND II with labs, Physics with lab or Physical Environment with lab, and one additional lab science in the program of study.
  • Sonography: Must include Human Anatomy and Physiology I and II with labs, Physics with lab or Physical Environment with lab, and one additional lab science in the program of study.
  • Special Options (Second Certification) Applicants must provide proof of ARDMS, ARRT, or NMTCB certification.

Additional Math and Science Requirement:

  • Applicants with more than two courses in the required math or science courses with a D or F will not be considered for admission.
  • No required course in math or science may be repeated more than once if D or F is earned.
  • Admission preference will be given for Armstrong students who earn all core credit at Armstrong and maintain an overall GPA of 3.0 or above and earn a minimum grade of B in all required math and science courses.

After admission to Radiologic Sciences, students must pay a $100.00 non-refundable deposit to reserve a seat in the program. Deposits are applied to students’ first semester matriculation fees.

Special Programs

Radiologic Sciences Bridge Program

The Radiologic Sciences Bridge Program offers courses completely online that include  R.T. to B.S.R.S., NMT to B.S.R.S and RDMS (Abdomen and OB/GYN) to B.S.R.S. program options.

Baccalaureate Degree Completion (Bridge) Applicants. Technologists who are registered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists, Nuclear Medicine Technology Certification Board, the American Registry for Diagnostic Medical Sonography or their equivalent are eligible to apply to the program. (If not yet certified, must become certified prior to the end of the first semester at Armstrong). Additional admission requirements are regular admission to Armstrong and grade point average of 2.3 or higher for all college work.

Before beginning any of the professional courses, the following must be successfully completed:

  • At least 45 semester hours of degree requirements (professional certification applies towards these hours)
  • *Anatomy and Physiology I and II or equivalent
  • *Two college English courses and one college algebra or above course.

*Note: Some courses in the Bridge Program major may require a minimum grade of C in specified pre-requisite course requirements.  If a grade below a C is earned, the student will have to repeat the pre-requisite course in order to register for the course in the major.

Special Requirements

Criminal Background Checks and Drug Testing. Clinical agencies utilized by Radiologic Sciences require criminal background checks and/or drug testing prior to acceptance of the student into each clinical facility. The student will assume the financial responsibility for any fees associated with required background checks and drug testing which may occur multiple times throughout clinical education placement. Students who do not pass the criminal background check due to pending or active court actions (including DUIs) and/or fail a drug test will be unable to attend clinical courses and therefore will be denied a seat or, if already admitted, will be placed on a Leave of Absence, which will lead to dismissal if the matter is not resolved by the beginning of the next clinical course. Any fees or cost associated with background checks and/or drug testing are the responsibility of the student. Prior conviction of a felony or misdemeanor which has not been discharged by the courts may prevent one from sitting for the national certification examination. Conviction of either a felony or misdemeanor necessitates completion of the pre-application review process as prescribed by the certification agency, and providing the Department with verification of eligibility for the examination. See the programmatic application for more information.

Health and Liability Insurance. Prior to matriculation in clinical education courses, students are required to submit evidence of liability (malpractice) insurance (must be acquired through Armstrong), health insurance that meets minimum standards, a physical examination including proof of completed TB assessment such as chest radiograph or two-part PPD, and proof of recent (within one year) physical examination. Specific information regarding these requirements will be distributed to admitted students. No student may enroll in a clinical education course without the above mentioned requirements.

CPR. Students must show proof of certification in Basic Life Support/CPR from the American Heart Association before participating in clinical experiences.

ACLS Certification. CVIS students are required to earn advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) certification.

Clinical Training. Many of the clinical education sites are in the local area but some clinical education rotations may be located outside of the city of Savannah or even out of state. Almost all clinical assignments are within approximately a 150 mile radius of the university. Students are responsible for providing their own transportation to clinical sites for clinical education courses. Students are also responsible for any lodging expenses (if required). Moreover, students may be required to attend multiple out-of-town clinical education sites.

Student Association Fees. Students in the programs are required to participate in the Radiologic Sciences Student Association which assesses an annual fee. These fees are used for safety expenses, escrowed to cover costs associated with the Professional Pinning Ceremony, and other activities.

Science Policy. Applicants with more than two courses in the required math or science courses with a D or F will not be considered for admission. No required course in math or science may be repeated more than once if D or F is earned.

Progression Requirements

Didactic classes will normally be taught in sequence. Some courses may be taught out of sequence with the approval of the program coordinator and availability of clinical seats. This is providing that the responsible faculty member has workload availability.

Specific requirements for progress in the programs are as follows:

  • A “C” or better in each course within the Radiologic Science major.
  • Any student earning a grade of less than “C” in any major course of the first fall semester will be dismissed without the possibility of readmission to the degree.
  • If a student earns a grade of less than “C” in any of the required courses in the major in a subsequent term, the student will be placed on probation for the duration of the program and must repeat the course.
  • If a second grade of less than “C” is earned in any of the required courses in the major the student will be dismissed from the degree without the possibility of readmission to the degree.
  • If two grades of less than “C” are earned in any major course in the same term, the student will be dismissed from the degree without the possibility of readmission.

University GPA Requirement. Students must have a GPA of 2.0 or better to graduate from Armstrong. Any student who has a GPA that falls below a 2.0 will be dismissed without the possibility of readmission to the degree.

Rising Senior Comprehensive Assessment Examination. At the end of the Spring Semester of the junior year, students will be given a comprehensive examination that covers all material up to that point. In order to progress to the senior year without remediation, students will be required to earn a minimum score of “60%” on each part of the examination. If a student earns less than 60% on any section of the test, the student is required to register for the Remediation Course and complete remediation for the failed content. Students who fail to meet the remediation course requirements or fail to earn a minimum score of 60 on the retest will be dismissed.

Exit Examination. The Exit Examination is given as part of each track’s Synthesis course.A score of 80% or greater on one exit examination or a score of 75% or greater on two exit examinations is required in order for the student to pass these courses. Students in the sonography track are required to pass the national certification examinations to meet this requirement.

Program Dismissal for Ethical Violations. In the event a student is dismissed from the degree for an ethical violation, that student is permanently barred from the degree with no option for readmission (see Code of Professional Conduct).

Respiratory Therapy Policies and Procedures

Admissions

Respiratory Therapy Program Traditional Track

In order to be eligible for admission to the Respiratory Therapy program, a student must earn a minimum grade of ‘C’ in all science courses. No more than two science courses from Area D and/ or Area F may be repeated more than twice. Transcript grades of ‘D’, ‘F’, or ‘WF’ are considered failing grades in the Respiratory Therapy program. Admission to Armstrong State University does not guarantee admission to the respiratory therapy program. The department has a separate formal admissions process. Students are normally admitted to the professional component of the program in the Fall. The application deadline is March 1. Applications received after that date will be considered on a space available basis.

Admission to the major is made on a space available basis and is limited to the best qualified students as determined by the admissions committee. Meeting admission criteria does not constitute acceptance into the program. The maximum enrollment ceiling in the Respiratory Therapy Program is 22 students. Minimum admission criteria include completion of all core requirements for the major, an adjusted grade point average of 2.5, no grade less than C in courses related to area D or F of the core.

Special Programs

Respiratory Therapy RRT Online Career-Ladder Program.

The Department of Respiratory Therapy has adopted the career-ladder model as the basis for accepting RRTs into the baccalaureate program. Registered respiratory therapists may advance their education while minimizing duplication of knowledge and skills. Other goals of the career-ladder program are to educate individuals who will be able to contribute to the growth and development of respiratory care as a profession; educate respiratory care providers in a scientific approach to problem-solving and patient care; provide the interpersonal and communication skills needed to work effectively as a member of the interdisciplinary health care team; and foster respect, critical thinking, and a genuine desire for knowledge. RRTs may receive advanced placement via equivalency credit. (Equivalent credit will be awarded individually based on the candidate’s academic transcript and professional portfolio). Applicants who graduated more than three years before admission will need to validate current practice.

RRT Career-Ladder

Students who have achieved the associate degree and the registered respiratory therapist (RRT) credential will be eligible to interview for the Armstrong Career Ladder program. Military respiratory therapists will receive special consideration. Candidates should have an earned associate degree in respiratory therapy, RRT credentials, completion of all baccalaureate core courses, a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.5, and have completed a professional portfolio. Each portfolio should contain verification of RRT credentials, a notarized copy of the associate degree, a resume with complete work history, a current job description, a letter of recommendation from an immediate supervisor, verification of a current valid state license, and documentation of specialty credentials and in-house certifications.

Career Ladder applicants will have official transcripts or transfer credit, course substitutions, or achieve a C or better in all classes required in Area A-E.

Special Requirements

Criminal Background Checks and Drug Testing. Clinical agencies utilized by the Respiratory Therapy program may require criminal background checks and/or drug testing prior to acceptance of the student into clinical facilities. Students who do not pass the criminal background check and/ or drug test may be unable to attend clinical courses and therefore may be unable to complete their program of study. Any fees or cost associated with background checks and/or drug testing are the responsibility of the student.

Legal. The Composite State Board of Medical Examiners of Georgia has the authority to refuse to grant a license to an applicant upon a finding by the board that the applicant has been convicted of any felony, a crime involving moral turpitude, or a crime violating a federal or state law relating to controlled substances or dangerous drugs. Unlicensed students may be employed as long as they work under direct supervision. Students must apply for a temporary permit in order to work following graduation. In order to attain a full license the applicant must be employed under medical direction and have earned a CRT credential. It is a misdemeanor to practice respiratory care or falsely represent oneself as a respiratory care professional unless licensed by the board.

Health and Insurance. Students are required to submit a complete health history form and evidence of health insurance, immunizations, and liability (malpractice) insurance prior to participation in clinical practicum.

Progression Requirements

Students must complete the respiratory therapy program within three consecutive academic years from the date of initial entry. Students who do not complete the program within this time limit must reapply for admission, meet current criteria for admission, and have their previous credits evaluated at the time of their subsequent admission. Students who are readmitted must meet course requirements in effect at the time of readmission.

A grade of C or better is required for each course in the major field of study. A student who earns a grade of less than C must repeat the course the next semester it is offered. Students may repeat a course in the major field of study only once. Students who must repeat more than one course in the major field of study will be dismissed from the program with no option for readmission. Students placed on academic warning who do not raise their grade point average to the minimum criteria for academic good standing the following semester will be suspended from the program. Courses used to raise the grade point average must be approved by the academic advisor. Students suspended from the program are eligible for readmission.

Students must complete readmission applications for Armstrong State University and the respiratory therapy major. Students will be required to meet admission and curriculum requirements in effect at the time of readmission, and must complete a comprehensive clinical evaluation prior to readmission. Students are responsible for scheduling such evaluations by the mid-term date of the semester prior to readmission. Readmission to the respiratory therapy major is a faculty decision and will be based on space availability and faculty recommendation.

 

Programs

    Undergraduate CertificateBachelor of ScienceBachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory ScienceBachelor of Science in Radiologic Sciences

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